“Beyond Divorce: Navigating High-Conflict, Parallel, and Productive Co-Parenting for the Best Interest of the Children”

Co-Parenting, Conflict Resolution, Life Coaching

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Life coach with a Ph.D. in Forensic Psychology and dual certifications in conflict resolution and mediation. Short version - my clients come to me when the stakes are high. 

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Let’s talk about the complex world of post-divorce parenting, examining the distinct styles of high-conflict parenting, parallel parenting, and productive co-parenting. Each of these approaches has unique characteristics and impacts on the children involved. We’ll explore why child-centered parenting, particularly productive co-parenting, stands out as the most beneficial approach in fostering a healthy environment for children post-separation.

High-Conflict Parenting: A Tug of War

In high-conflict parenting, the parents are often embroiled in ongoing disputes and are unable to communicate effectively. This style is characterized by constant disagreements over parenting decisions, leading to a tumultuous and stressful environment for both the parents and the children. Imagine a scenario where every decision, from school activities to medical appointments, becomes a battleground. The children are frequently caught in the crossfire, witnessing arguments, and feeling the tension, which can lead to emotional and psychological distress. High conflict situations are often volatile and are not child centered at all. Parents are often focused on the continuing conflict as opposed to focusing on what is best for the children. High conflict situations do not contain productive communication and are often using the legal system to solve all disputes.

For example, let’s say that the two high conflict parents have a child who cuts class one day, and both parents are notified. In a high conflict situation, both parties would likely accuse the other parent at being at fault for the child cutting class, they would not be able to have a joint discussion with the child, they would potentially file new court paperwork asking for changes in the custody schedule, and the child may be facing separate consequences from both parents for the incident.  This option is not child focused and illustrates to the child that the way to manage conflict is with unproductive communication and anger. In this scenario the child is the party who is most adversely affected.

Parallel Parenting: Coexisting Without Conflict

Parallel parenting is a method adopted by parents who acknowledge their inability to communicate without conflict but still want to be involved in their children’s lives. This approach involves each parent making day-to-day decisions for their children when they are under their care, with minimal direct interaction between the parents. It’s like two train tracks running parallel—never intersecting but heading in the same direction.

In many ways this sounds like it might be an ideal option. Both parents are involved with the children but save themselves the aggravation of communicating with each other. However, this option is not child centered and often leaves the children feeling like they are forced to exist in two vastly different worlds. Imagine all the schedules, rules, expectations, and daily interactions being distinctly separate from one household to another.

Let’s use the same example of the child who gets in trouble at school for cutting class.  In this example, the parents are not in conflict but have chosen to parallel parent the child and both parents are notified by the school that their child has cut class. The child is currently at the Father’s home for the Father’s custodial time. When the child gets home, the Father discusses the incident with the child and grounds the child for the remainder of the child’s time at the Father’s home. The child completes the consequences at the Father’s home and then goes to the Mother’s home for her custodial time. The Mother has a conversation with the child about cutting class and then hands down the consequences she has decided on to the child. The Mother and Father do not co-parent or communicate and they do not make disciplinary decisions together, so the child is given two separate consequences in each home for the same offense of cutting class.

This is an example of how parallel parenting may be beneficial to the parents and avoid unwanted communication and conflict, however, it is not positive, productive, or child focused. In this case the child was given two consequences to be served separately in two homes. This is not a child focused approach.

Productive Co-Parenting: Harmony in Two Households

Productive co-parenting is the epitome of child-centered parenting post-divorce. It requires parents to set aside their differences and work together for the well-being of their children. This approach involves open communication, mutual respect, and a shared commitment to make decisions that are in the best interests of the children. It’s not about being friends; it’s about recognizing that though the parents are no longer romantically joined, they have found a way to have a mutual respect for each other as the co-parent of their child, it’s about being partners in parenting.

In a productive co-parenting scenario, using the example of the child who was caught cutting class, the parents would have a conversation about what occurred, they would discuss the possible disciplinary outcomes, they may have a joint discussion with the child about what occurred, and then set forth one agreed upon consequence as co-parents.  In this scenario the child sees two parents who can stay focused on the needs of their child as opposed to being in conflict, or pretending the other parent does not exist. In a productive co-parenting situation, the focus is always on the child and what will serve the child best.

The Ideal Situation: Child-Centered Parenting

The ideal post-divorce parenting scenario is one where the child’s needs and well-being are at the forefront. This means parents need to rise above their personal grievances and focus on providing a stable, loving, and supportive environment for their children. The goal is to ensure that the child feels secure, loved, and able to maintain a positive relationship with both parents.

Child-centered parenting is marked by flexibility, understanding, and a willingness to communicate. For instance, if a child expresses a desire to spend more time with one parent due to a particular activity or interest, the parents work together to accommodate this wish, showing their child that their interests and needs are a priority.


In the complex terrain of post-divorce parenting, the path chosen can significantly impact the child’s emotional and psychological development. When parents do not choose a child centered approach to co-parenting, the children are negatively impacted. Dealing with an ex may cause each parent anger, frustration, and stress, but it directly impacts the daily life of the children involved.

 High-conflict parenting, fraught with disputes and tension, can lead to stress and anxiety in children. Parallel parenting may seem like it offers a more peaceful, detached approach. It may minimize conflict for the parents, but it can produce a sense of insecurity and uncertainty for the children involved. Productive co-parenting, however, stands out as the most beneficial strategy, fostering an environment of respect, communication, and cooperation, all centered around the child’s well-being.

Productive co-parenting is not always immediately possible after a separation, it may take time and the assistance of professionals to learn to productively co-parent. It may be necessary to seek the assistance of a therapist or a co-parenting educator. These professionals can help parents stay focused on the child centered approach and learn to view the other parent as their partner in parenting.

The goal in any co-parenting situation is to ensure that the children feel loved, secure, and valued by both parents, despite the changes in the family dynamic. Embracing a child-centered approach in post-divorce parenting is not just the ideal but the necessary pathway to nurturing well-adjusted, happy children in a post-separation world.

Like Stories? Here’s Mine.

Life coach with a Ph.D. in Forensic Psychology and dual certifications in conflict resolution and mediation. Short version - my clients come to me when the stakes are high. 

Hey, I’m Dr. Heather Grammatico!

Count me in!

Get instant access to my email newsletter.

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